Imam Ilyas Sidyot

The Rites of Hajj and Umrah & Islamic Terminology

Allah Mina
Tawheed Arafat
Kaba Shareef Muzdalifa
Muslim Jamarat
Proof of "Khatm-e-Nubuwwat" (Finality of Prophethood): Ramy
Al-Masjidul Haram Nahr or Udhiya
Al-Hajj Maquamu Ibraheem
Umrah Hijr Isma'eel
Hajj Mabrur Zamzam
Arka'an or Rites Masjid An-Nabavi
Haaji Talbiya
Niyya Ibadat
Hajj al-Ifrad, (single) Salaat (or Namaaz)
Hajj al-Qiran, (combined) Moalims
Hajj al-Tamatt'u, (interrupted) Dhul Hijjah
Ihram Eid-ul Adha
Miquat Hijjah
As-Safa and Al-Marwa  
Makkah al-Mukarrama  
Madinah Al Munawarah  




  • Allah has said  "Say, He is Allah, The Only ONE. He is The Self-Sufficient Master. He begets NOT, NOR was He begotten. And there is NONE co-equal or comparable unto Him."
    (Al-Quran:Surah 112)

  • "ALLAH" is the Arabic name for THE ONE SUPREME UNIVERSAL GOD.

  • "ALLAH" is The One, The Creator and The Sustainer of the Universe. He is also The Merciful, The Beneficent, The Alive, The Self Subsisting and other magnificent attributes are His alone.

  • The word "Allah" is ALSO used by Arab Christians and Arab Jews for THE ONE SUPREME UNIVERSAL GOD. In addition, the word for "Allah" is "Eloh-im" in Hebrew and "Allaha" in Aramaic, the mother tongue of Jesus (pbuh).

  • He is The ONLY GOD WHOM ALL Judaic Prophets including Prophets Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus (pbu them) and Prophet Muhammad (SAW) WORSHIPPED.

  • Muslims believe in and submit ONLY to Allah believe in and submit ONLY to Allah.

  • "ALLAH-HU-AKBAR" means "Allah is Greater".

  • "SWT" is an abbreviation of Arabic words "Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala" that mean "Glory Be To Him". The following Arabic letters (pronounced "Jalla-Jalaal-lahu") mean "Exalted, Majestic, Sublime and Awe-Inspiring".

  • Al-Quran The Book Of Allah. A Divine Guidance for Mankind. The FINAL TESTAMENT.

  • Allah informs us about Al-Quran: "This is the Book (Al-Quran), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance
    to those who are believers [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good
    deeds which He has ordained)]." (Al-Quran:Surah 1; Verse 2)

  • The ORIGINAL Arabic text of Al-Quran is Allah SWT's Words verbatim and has been preserved by Allah SWT for over fourteen hundred years.

  • Al-Quran was revealed by Allah SWT to Prophet Muhammad (SAW) through Angel Gibreel (pbuh, Archangel Gabriel).

  • The Divine revelations came in the holy month of Ramadan for several years.

  • Al-Islam's main beliefs are detailed in Al-Quran, sometimes also called Al-Koran.

  • It consists of 114 "Sura" (chapters) of beautiful poetic verses called "Ayat". The Book is divided in to 30 parts called "Juz".

  • Al-Quran SUPERSEDES ALL previous Divine Scriptures. Consequently, it CLARIFIES Allah's Orders and ABROGATES man-made changes to the Old Testament, Bible, Gospel and other Divine Scriptures revealed to Prophets BEFORE Prophet Muhammad (SAW) .

  • In Arabic, the word "Quran" means "To Read Aloud".

  • Since "Al Quran" was revealed in Arabic, NO translation of the "Al-Quran" retains that 'official and perfect' status, however translations can be tremendously helpful to people wanting to learn more about Islam.


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  • The Islamic creed: "LA ILAHA ILLALLAH". It is the ABSOLUTE belief in THE ONE SUPREME UNIVERSAL GOD, ALLAH . NONE other. Muslims believe: There is NO God worthy of worship EXCEPT Allah
    And Muhammad is His LAST Messenger.

  • It is the vital part of a Muslim's beliefs as detailed in the Holy "Al-Quran".

  • The First Pillar of Al-Islam.


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Ka'ba Shareef

  • The House Of Allah on Earth. The earliest structure dedicated to the worship of Allah SWT on Earth.

  • It is a cubic structure made of stones.

  • This simple building was re-built by Hazrat Ibraheem (Prophet Abraham) (pbuh) and his oldest son, Hazrat Ismaeel (pbuh) on receiving explicit instructions from Allah SWT.

  • It is now within Al-Masjidul Haram in Makkah, Arabia.

  • Allah protects Ka'ba Shareef. As described in Surah Al-Fil of Al-Quran, (Al-Quran:Surah 105), the army of Abraha, the king of Yemen, was beaten back by birds carrying clay pebbles.

  • Muslims do NOT worship the Kaaba.


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  • Muslim is one who has SUBMITTED to the Will of Allah , and consequently is in a state of "Peace".

  • Muslims worship ALLAH ALONE. NONE OTHER. This belief is expressed by "Tawheed" (A Muslim's creed), "LA ILAHA ILLALLAH" which means "THERE IS NO God WORTHY OF WORSHIP EXCEPT ALLAH".

  • Muslim adhere to "Al Islam" and the "Shariah" (Islamic Laws) detailed in "Al-Quran".

  • All the Judaic Prophets including Prophets Adam, Noah, David, Solomon, Abraham, Isma'eel, Isaac, Moses & Jesus (pbu them) mentioned in the Torah, Gospel and Al Quran WERE Muslims as they submitted to the Will of Allah and obeyed His Commandments.

  • Since Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was the FINAL prophet of Allah who clarified the rules delineated in "Al Quran", MUSLIMS TODAY MUST HONOR & FOLLOW the "sunnah" of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) to
    be TRUE Muslims.

  • Muslims do NOT worship idols of any sort. Idol worshipping is ABSOLUTELY FORBIDDEN in Al Islam.

  • The term "Muhammaddans" is an archaic misnomer since Muslims do NOT worship Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  • "Mozlem", "Moslem" are considered DEROGATORY by most Muslims. Use "Muslim" instead. Pronunciation: "M \u\ SL \i\ M". \u\ as oo in good; \i\ as i in hit. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) (Prophet Muhammad (SAW))

  • Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was the LAST Prophet and Messenger that Allah sent to guide humanity.


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Proof of "Khatm-e-Nubuwwat" (Finality of Prophethood):

1. Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) is described as the "Seal of Prophets" in "Al Quran": "Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the last (end) of the Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware of everything" (Al-Quran:Surah 33; Verse 40)
2. Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has said: "In My Ummah, there shall be born Thirty "Dajjals" (Grand Liars), each of whom will claim to be a prophet, But I am the LAST Prophet; there is NO Prophet after Me." (Abu Dawood Vol 2 p. 228; Tirmidhi Vol 2 p.45) Muhammad was born in "Makkah", Hijaz in 570 CE.

  • His father, Abdullah, died before his birth and mother, Aminah, passed away when he was only six.

  • His grandfather, Abd al-Muttalib, looked after him for two years. When his grandfather died, his paternal uncle, Abu Talib, raised the orphan Muhammad in his family. They belonged to the poor but powerful tribe, "Banu Haashim".

  • Even before prophet hood, he was looked upon by all, seniors, peers and juniors, as an extremely trustworthy, honest and righteous man.

  • He started receiving Allah's FINAL TESTAMENT, "Al Quran" when he was 40 years old. Segments of "Al Quran" were revealed to him by the Archangel Gabriel.

  • Pagan Arabs in "Makkah" became mercilessly hostile to him when he started inviting them to "Al Islam". Although, he and his followers were brutally persecuted, he preached "Al Islam" for over a decade
    in Makkah.

  • After receiving instructions from Allah , Prophet Muhammad (SAW) emigrated to "Madinah" to avoid assassination by the "Makkahns". This flight to Madinah is known as the "Hijrah" and marks the beginning of
    the Islamic calendar.

  • He returned victorious to Makkah after seven years in Madinah. The conquering Muslim army did NOT shed any blood nor pillaged when they entered Makkah.

  • He died soon after he had received the final verses of Al Quran and performed his only Hajj. The "Last Khutbah" (Final Sermon) that he gave from "Arafat".

  • Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was buried in Madinah. His tomb is in "Masjid An-Nabavi", the mosque he helped build.

  • Detailed accounts of his teachings and actions called "sunnan" have been recorded in the collections known as "Hadeeth".

  • More than a billion "Muslims" of different racial and ethnic heritage around the world follow his "sunnan".

  • Means "Allah's Peace Be Upon him". It is the Arabic verse recited by Muslims every time the Holy Prophet's name is mentioned in their presence.

  • ABSOLUTELY NO pictures, paintings or statues of himself or his companions were allowed by Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) to avoid any potential for idol worship after his death. Idol worship of any sort is PROHIBITED in Al Islam.

  • More on the life of Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) Al-Hajjarul Aswad.

  • The "Black Stone", a remainder of the original Ka'ba. It is a stone from Paradise.

  • The ONLY reason to kiss the black-stone is that our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) kissed it. It has NO special powers it is NOT worshipped by Muslims.

  • "Istilam" is to kiss the black stone either actually or symbolically.

  • Muslims do NOT worship the black stone.


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Al-Masjidul Haram

  • Al Islam's most revered mosque in Makkah, Arabia. Ka'ba is situated within this complex.

  • The entire area around Ka'ba, up to several miles in every direction, as specified by Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has been declared "Haram Shareef" (sanctuary).

  • The reward of one prayer offered in it is worth one hundred thousand prayers offered elsewhere.

  • Hujjaj must enter into Ihram before entering Haram Shareef.


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  • The journey to Ka'ba and Haram, in Makkah, Arabia by Muslims, and,

  • Performance of specific rites, while in a state of Ihram, from 8th through the 13th of Dhul Hijjah.

  • Al Hajj is the Fifth Pillar of Islam.

  • The specific rites [(i.e. Ihram, Tawaf of the Ka'bah and As-Safa and Al-Marwah), stay at 'Arafat, Muzdalifah and Mina, Ramy of Jamarat, (stoning of the specified pillars in Mina) slaughtering of Hady (animal)] of Hajj are collectively referred to as "Manasik".

  • The word, "Hajj" in Arabic literally means "a resolve", i.e. to resolve to some magnificent duty.


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  • The journey to Ka'ba and Haram, in Makkah, Arabia by Muslims, and,

  • Performance of specific Arka'n (rites) of Umrah, while in a state of Ihram, at any time of the Islamic calendar.

  • The "lesser" pilgrimage to Makkah.

  • In Arabic, the word "Umrah" literally means to "visit a populated place".


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Hajj Mabrur

  • Hajj, that has been performed in the best manner that is acceptable to Allah SWT purely out of His Divine Generosity and Mercy for the Haaji's efforts and intentions.


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Arka'an or Rites

  • Integral, legally essential elements or rites found within an action
    that compose it.

  • The rites of Hajj and Umrah include: putting on the Ihram with Niyya, performing Tawaf, praying 2 ra'ka of prayers near Maquamu Ibraheem to thank Allah, and performing Sai, drinking Zamzam.

  • Some of these rites are obligatory others, recommended.

  • In Arabic, the rites of Hajj are collectively referred to as "Manasek".

  • "Rukn" is the singular of Arka'an.


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  • A Muslim who is proceeding on Hajj, a journey to Ka'ba and Haram to perform specific rites from 8th through the 13th of Dhul Hijjah.

  • Hajja: female Haaji. Hujjaj: plural form.


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  • The "Intention" to perform certain task. Usually in way of Allah SWT. In this case the intention of performing Hajj or Umrah.


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Hajj al-Ifrad, (single)

  • His involves entering into Ihram for the Hajj either from the prescribed Miquat or from Makkah (if a resident of Makkah).

  • The Hujjaj must bring a sacrificial animal with themselves. If they do not bring a scarifies animal then they have to perform Hajj as Tamatt'u.

  • The Hujjaj complete the Hajj.

  • They sacrifice the animal that they brought with them on the Day of Sacrifice.

  • The Hujjaj have to remain in the state of Ihram till the Day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Dhul Hijjah).

  • Complete a Umrah after the Hajj.

  • The Haaji performing Hajj al-Ifrad is called "Mufrid".


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Hajj al-Qiran, (combined)

  • This involves entering into Ihram and making Niyya for both the Umrah and the Hajj at the same time.

  • Performing the Umrah and then the Hajj.

  • The Umrah and the Hajj are performed without exiting the state of Ihram during the time between them.

  • The Hujjaj have to remain in the state of Ihram till the Day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Dhul Hijjah).

  • The Haaji performing Hajj al-Qiran is called "Qiran".


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Hajj al-Tamatt'u, (interrupted)

  • This involves entering into Ihram for the Umrah during the months of Hajj.

  • The months of Shawwal, Dhul-Q'idah and the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah.

  • Performing the Umrah.

  • Taking off the Ihram after completing the Umrah.

  • Entering into Ihram again on the 8th day of Dhul Hijjah during the same year in which the Umrah was performed.

  • The Haaji performing Hajj al-Qiran is called "Mutamatti".


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  • The state of deep devotion to Allah SWT with the Niyya and wearing the special dress (both the intention and dress is called Ihram).

  • Ihram for MEN is a dress which consists of two pieces of SEAMLESS (unstitched) cloth:

  • One called "Reda'" for the upper torso. Suggested size:45" (11/4yd) x 72" (2 yd).

  • Other cloth called "Ezaar" for the lower body. Suggested size:45" (11/4yd) x 120" (3 1/3 yd).

  • Leave the head UNCOVERED.

  • Clothes dyed with saffron, garancine, etc. are NOT allowed.

  • Ihram for WOMEN is any dress of any color. The conditions are that her clothes fully cover the body except the face, hands and feet and that a woman should NOT wear a "Niqab" or "Burqa'" (veils). The Sunnah is for her to uncover her face except if men not related to her might see her, in which case it is obligatory for her to cover her face during Ihram and otherwise.

  • After putting on the Ihram with the Niyya and Talbiya, pilgrims enter a state of deep devotion.

The following are FORBIDDEN acts while in Ihram:

  1. Sexual intercourse or any kind of sexual contacts.

  2. Marriage or engagement.

  3. To kill or hunt game.

  4. To remove or take off hair from any part of the body without legal excuse such as disease, etc.

  5. To use perfumes after the niyya of Ihram.

  6. To clip nails.

  7. To cover the head with fixed headgear.

  8. To wear shoes. Certain kind of slippers are permitted.

  9. To wear garments with seams or dyes. This restriction is ONLY for MEN

  • "Muhrim" is a person in the state Ihram.


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  • The place for Ihram.

  • The boundary around Ka'ba that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) set as the area of Haram.

  • Hujjaj must put on Ihram before entering Haram at the Miquat.

  • "Mawaaqit" is the plural.

  • Narrated Ibn Abbas : Prophet Muhammad (SAW) fixed the boundaries. Dhul-Hulaifa as the Miqat for the people of Madinah, Al-Juhfa, for the people of Sham, Yalamlam for the people of Yemen, Qarn for the people of Najd. And these Mawaqlt are for those living at those very places, and besides them for those who come through those places with the intention of performing Hajj and Umrah; and whoever is living inside these places can assume lhram from his own dwelling place, and the people of Makkah can assume lhram from Makkah.

Clarifying the Hadith

  • Dhul-Hulaifa is the Miquat for the people of Madinah. About 156 miles East of Makkah; 5.6 miles West of Madinah

  • Al-Juhfa, for Hujjaj coming from Egypt, Syria Morocco & Spain. About 113 miles West of Makkah.

  • Mount Yalamlam for the people of Yemen, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, Indonesia, China, etc. About 67.5 miles South-East of Makkah.

  • Qarn El Manazil for the people of Kuwait and Najd. About 31 miles East of Makkah.

  • Zat Irq for the people of Iran, Iraq and for those coming from that direction. About 50 miles North-East of Makkah.

  • Haram People of Haram of Makkah can assume lhram from Makkah.

  • If people residing at above places, (besides the residents of Makkah & Madinah) visit Madinah before Hajj, the miquat for them is "Abar Ali"

The entire world has been divided as per the following:

  • Afaq: The area outside the above boundary created by the Miquats is called "Afaq" and the people living there are known as "Afaqis". They are not permitted to cross the boundary of Haram without Ihram if they intend Hajj, Umrah or for any other reason for that matter. The Afaqis who come to perform Hajj or Umrah by air should enter into Ihram before boarding the airplane in their home country.

  • Hill: The area within the points of Miquat and the boundary of the Haram of Makkah is called "Hill". The people of Hill can go to Mecca for business or for any other reason without Ihram. But if they go

  • There to perform Hajj or Umrah, even they have to enter into Ihram. They can enter into Ihram anywhere in their area.

  • Haram: People who live within Haram of Makkah don't require Ihram for their day to day activities or even for offering prayers in Masjid al-Haram or performing Tawaf. For Hajj, their Miquat is the Haram itself and they can enter into Ihram from their residence. However, if they intend to perform Umrah, they also have to leave Haram and enter into Ihram in Hill, for example, at "Masjid Ayesha", which is on Madinah Road at Tan'eem at a convenient distance from Makkah. Hujjaj who perform Umrah before or after Hajj usually travel to Masjid Ayesha by bus or taxi to enter in to Ihram.


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  • Circumambulation (Seven rounds) the Ka'ba.

  • One should begin Tawaf at the Al-Hajjarul Aswad and end them at it too.

  • One should recite "Bismillahi Wallah-u-Akbar" every time passing Al-Hajjarul Aswad.

  • When passing the area between the Yemen Corner of Ka'ba and the Al- Hajjarul Aswad, recite the duas:

  1. Our Lord! Grant us good in this world, and in the Hereafter, and save us from the torments of the hell fire.

  2. And allow us to enter Paradise in the company of the pious, O Mighty, O All Forgiving, O Lord of All Creatures! It is said that in the Fourth Heaven, Angels worship Allah SWT by circling "Baital-Maamuur" (Allah SWT's House in the Fourth Heaven). Angels constantly Praise and Glorify their Lord, Allah SWT. Similarly, for centuries human beings have worshipped Allah SWT on the earth by circumambulating Allah SWT's House on earth, The Ka'ba.

Tawaf ul-Qudum

  • The First of the THREE MANDATORY Tawaf of Hajj.

Tawaf ul-Ifada

  • This Tawaf is a pillar of Hajj and Hajj is not accomplished without it.

  • The Second of the THREE MANDATORY Tawaf of Hajj.

  • After Tawaf, the pilgrim says two Raka behind the Maquamu Ibraheem.

Tawaf ul-Wada'

  • This Tawaf is for taking leave and it signifies the completion of Hajj.

  • The Last of the THREE MANDATORY Tawaf of Hajj.


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  • To walk between As-Safa and Al-Marwa seven times (3.5 rounds). Starting at As-Safa and ending at Al-Marwa. Men are supposed to walk briskly within green marked zones between As-Safa and Al-Marwa. Prophet Ibraheem's (Prophet Abraham) wife Hajjar, and his oldest son, Prophet Isma'eel (peace be upon them) were blessed by Allah SWT with this miraculous spring in the middle of the desert. Hazrat Bibi Hajjar had been rushing between As-Safa and Al-Marwa looking for water for her son in Tawaf ul-Qudum

  • The First of the THREE MANDATORY Tawaf of Hajj.


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As-Safa and Al-Marwa

  • Two hillocks near the Ka'ba.

  • As-Safa: name of the hillock where a Muslim begins Sai.

  • Al-Marwa: name of the hillock where a Muslim ends his last lap of Sai.


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  • To stay nights. One at Muzdalifa and then later on in Mina.

  • To end Mabeet after Hajj, it is recommended to leave Mina after Zuhr (midday prayer) but before Maghreb otherwise another Ramy is required the following day.


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  • To stay at Arafat from midday to sunset of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah.

  • The person should remain standing praying and begging for mercy from Allah SWT for this life and the Hereafter.

  • The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has said, "Hajj is Arafat".


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Makkah al-Mukarrama

  • The ancient city in Arabia where the Haram and the Ka'ba are situated. Also called Makkah and Mecca.

  • Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was born and brought-up in Makkah.


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Madinah Al Munawarah

  • The ancient city in Arabia, 260 miles to the north of Makkah, to where Prophet Muhammad (SAW) migrated from Makkah in 622 AD. Also called Madinah.

  • The "Hijrah", migration, to Madinah from Makkah marks the beginning of the Muslim calendar.

  • Visit Masjid Quba, near Madinah, and offer prayer there.

  • Visit Janatul Baqi. It is the graveyard in Madinah where Prophet Muhammad's family members are buried.


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  • Saudi Arabia's main port of entry and exit.


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  • A town 5 miles east of Makkah.

  • The place for Ramy and Nahr.

  • Prophets Ibraheem and Ismaeel (Peace Be Upon Them) came to Mina when Allah SWT ordered Prophet Ibraheem to sacrifice his only son, Hazrat Ismaeel, for the sake of Allah SWT.


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  • The plain about 14 miles east of Makkah.

  • The place for "Wuquf".

  • The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) has said, "Hajj is Arafat".


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  • An important place between Mina and Arafat where the Masa'rul Haram mosque is located.

  • Hujjaj are supposed spend the night or part of the night on their way back from Arafat to Makkah after Wuquf.

  • As per sunnah, the place to pick pebbles for Ramy.

  • The night spent here by Hujjaj is the first night of Mabeet


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  • Three pillars of stone at Mina.

  • These masonry pillars represent malevolent Shaitan (Satan) at the location where he appeared in an attempt to dissuade Prophet Isma'eel (pbuh).

  • They are called "Jamarat-al-Ula", "Jamarat-al-Wusta" and "Jamarat-al-Aqaba".

  • "Jimaar" is the plural form.


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  • To throw pebbles at Jamarat.

  • Recite "Bismillahi Wallahu Akbar" before casting each stone.

  • It signifies casting stones at "Shaitan" (Satan) and his associates.

  • This is a re-enactment of Prophet Isma'eel's (pbuh) act of stoning the Shaitan (Satan) when he appeared to dissuade Prophet Isma'eel (pbuh) enroute to his sacrifice with his father Prophet Abraham (pbuh).


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Nahr or Udhiya

  • To slaughter a camel, sheep, goat or cow in the name of Allah SWT for the pleasure of Allah SWT.

  • At the time of their slaughtering say: Bismillah, Wallahu-Akbar, Allahumma Minka wa Ilaik

  • This act is performed to commemorate Prophet Ibraheem's (pbuh) act of sacrificing his oldest son Prophet Isma'eel (pbuh) on the command of Allah SWT. Allah SWT substituted Prophet Isma'eel with a ram.


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Maquamu Ibraheem

  • The stone on which Prophet Ibraheem (pbuh) stood while building Ka'ba, now situated about ten yards from the Ka'ba covered with a glass box. It bears the footprints of the great Prophet Ibraheem. Also called "Maquamu" for short.


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Hijr Isma'eel

  • The enclosure of Hazrat Isma'eel (pbuh). Considered to be a portion of the ancient Ka'ba.


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  • The ancient well about thirty yards east of the Ka'ba, first found by Prophet Isma'eel, Prophet Ibraheem's oldest son, (peace be upon them).

  • Prophet Ibraheem's (pbuh) wife Hajjar, and his oldest son, Prophet Isma'eel (pbuh) were blessed by Allah SWT with this miraculous spring in the middle of the desert. Hazrat Bibi Hajjar had been rushing between As-Safa and Al-Marwa looking for water for her son in the desert.


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Masjid An-Nabavi

  • Prophet Muhammad (SAW)'s beautiful Mosque in Madinah. He called it "My Mosque"

  • The reward of one prayer offered in it is worth fifty thousand prayers.


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  • Talbiya is the motto or motivational call of Hajj. It is to be frequently made in a loud voice during the Hajj period. Men recite aloud while women should say it silently.

  • Transliteration:
    Labbaika Allahumma Labbaik Labbaik La Shareeka Laka Labbaika Innal Hamda Wanneamata Laka Wal Mulk
    La Shareeka Lak
    Meaning: Here I am O Allah, Here I am Here I am. There is no partner with you. Here I am. Verily, Thine is the praise, the blessings and the sovereignty of the Universe Thou has no partner.


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  • Worship of Allah SWT ALONE. NONE other.

  • Complete acceptance of Allah SWT's Will, of which formal worship is a part.

Fardh or Faridah

  • A compulsory obligation on Muslims as ordained by Allah SWT in "Al-Quran".

  • Allah SWT's orders in the Holy Al-Quran are Fardh on Muslims.

  • A Muslim who performs an obligatory act out of obedience to Allah is rewarded, while a person who disobeys it without excuse deserves to be punished.

  • "Faraid" is the plural of Fardh.


Obligatory and required but less severe (second degree) than the

  • Fardh.

  • Wajib.


  • The tradition of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) that he has recommended.

  • A Muslim who performs a Sunnah is rewarded, though a person who does not do it is not punished.

  • "Sunan" is the plural of Sunnah.

  • Importance of "Sunan" in "Al Quran":

  • And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, leave it. And fear Allah : truly
    Allah is severe in punishment." (Al-Quran:Surah 59; Verse 07)

  • Sunan are recorded in collections called "Hadeeth".

  • More on the life of Abu Hanifa . A great scholar of Hadeeth. A great scholar of Hadeeth...

Nafil or Nafl

  • Supererogatory worship.

  • Optional Ibadat. Nafil prayers were performed by Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and are recommended to achieve higher degree of closeness to Allah SWT.

  • A Muslim who performs a Nafil is greatly rewarded by Allah SWT.


  • One complete cycle of words and actions of Salaat.

  • It consists of the following acts:

  1. Niyyat: Intention to pray to Allah SWT while facing the Ka'ba

  2. Takbeer: "Allah-u-Akbar"

  3. Qiyaam: Standing straight and reciting prescribed prayers from Al-Quran verbally

  4. Ruku: Bowing in an inclined position

  5. Qaumah: Rising after Ruku before performing Sajdah

  6. Sajdah: Prostration on the ground with the forehead, knees, nose, palms of both hands and feet touching the ground. Performed for Allah SWT alone!

  7. Jalsah: Sitting briefly, as prescribed, between two Sajdah

  8. Qa'dah: Sitting after the second Sajdah since performing items 2-7 above for a second time but before concluding the prayer by saying As-salaam-u-Alaikum-wa-rahmatullah and concluding the prayer if the required number of Ra'ka have been completed.

  •  In general, the items listed 2-9 above are considered ONE Ra'ka of Salaat (the Muslim's prayer, which consists of a prescribed number of Ra'ka).


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Salaat (or Namaaz)

  • The Second pillar of Islam. Also called "Namaaz".

  • It is fardh on Muslim and Muslima to perform Salaat five times a day.

  • It consists of prescribed number of ra'ka.

  • The five daily salaat and their composition as per "Hannafi Madhab" (opinions of Muslim Scholar & Imaam Abu Hanifa):


Maghrib: The Dusk Prayer

This is the first prayer of a Muslim's day. Since a new Islamic day begins at sundown
as opposed to midnight in the West.

  • 3 ra'ka Fardh

  •  2 ra'ka Sunnah. This Sunnah salaat is highly recommended since it was performed regularly by Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  • 2 ra'ka Nafil

Isha'a: The night prayer

  • 4 ra'ka Sunnah

  • 4 ra'ka Fardh

  • 2 ra'ka Sunnah. This Sunnah salaat is highly recommended since it was performed regularly by Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  • 2 ra'ka Nafil of "Isha'a"

  • 3 ra'ka "Waajib" (required "Withr" prayer)

  • 2 ra'ka Nafil of "Withr"

Fajr: The pre-dawn prayer.

  • 2 ra'ka Sunnah. This Sunnah salaat is highly recommended since it was performed regularly by
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  • 2 ra'ka Fardh

Zuhr: The early-afternoon prayer

  • 4 ra'ka Sunnah. This Sunnah salaat is highly recommended since it was performed regularly by
    Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  • 4 ra'ka Fardh

  • 2 ra'ka Sunnah. This Sunnah salaat is highly recommended since it was performed regularly by Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  • 2 ra'ka Nafi

Asr: The mid-afternoon prayer

  • 4 ra'ka Sunnah

  • 4 ra'ka Fardh


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  • There are persons assigned as caretakers by the Saudi government known as "Moalims". Mutawwifs are responsible for the needs of the pilgrims such as transportation, tents in Mina and Arafat, visit to Madinah, and also instructions to perform Hajj ceremonies. Moalims are assigned to pilgrims, who are divided according to nationality. Each Moalims has to take care of about 5000 pilgrims. Thus they have agents and assistants to help them.

  • Moalims take custody of the pilgrims' passports on their arrival and return them at the time of departure.

  • The transportation to Makkah is arranged by the Moalims once you have purchased the travel passes.

  •  Moalims are paid a fixed amount for tents at Mina and Arafat. The other draft is to be given to the Moalims.

  • Moalims are supposed to help pilgrims find accommodations in Makkah and Madinah either in homes or hotels.


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Dhul Hijjah

  • Twelveth month of Islamic Lunar calendar.

  • The beginning of the Islamic calendar is when "Prophet Muhammad migrated to Madinah.

  • Months of the Islamic calendar:

  1. Muharram

  2. Safar

  3. Rabi al-Awal

  4. Rabi al-Thani

  5. Jumad al- Ula

  6. Jumad al-Thani

  7.  Rajab

  8. Shabaan

  9. Ramadaan: Month for Daily Obligatory Fasts

  10. Shawwaal

  11. Dhul- Qidah

  12. Dhul- Hijjah: Month for Hajj.


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Eid-ul Adha

  • "Eid-ul Adha" (The Sacrifice Day) is an IMPORTANT day of celebration and festivities for Muslims. This is one of two days main Islamic holidays.

  • This act is performed to commemorate Prophet Abraham's (pbuh) act of sacrificing his oldest sone Prophet Isma'eel (pbuh) on the command of Allah SWT. Allah SWT substituted Prophet Isma'eel with a ram.

  •  Eid-ul Adha is on the 10th day of Islamic calendar month, Dhul.


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  • Muslims pray in congregation in the morning. The Eid-ul Adha prayers are also held all over UK & USA.

  • Then they are supposed to sacrifice either goats, sheep, rams, camels, or cows.

  • Muslims are REQUIRED to DONATE 1/3 rd of the meat to the poor. Distribute 1/3 rd of the meat to friends and relatives, and keep 1/3 rd of the meat for themselves.

  • "Eid-ul Fitr" (The Charity Day) is the other Islamic holiday and it is celebrated at the end of obligatory fasting during Ramadan.


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