Imam Ilyas Sidyot

Takbeerat in the light of Quran and Hadith

When should the takbeer for Eid al-Fitr begin and when does it end?

Praise is to Allah.

At the end of Ramadaan Allah has prescribed that His slaves should recite takbeer. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

"(He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar: Allah is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him"
[Al-Baqarah 2:185]

"That you must magnify Allah" means venerating Him in your hearts and on your lips, by pronouncing the takbeer.

  • So you should say:
  • Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, wa Lillaahi'l-hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god except Allah, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allah).

 

  • Or you can say Allaahu Akbar three times, so you say:
  • Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, laa ilaaha ill-Allah, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, wa Lillaahi'l-hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god except Allah, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great , Allah is Most Great, and all praise be to Allah).

 

Both are permissible.

This takbeer is Sunnah according to the majority of scholars. It is Sunnah for both men and woman, in the mosque, in the home and in the marketplace. Men should say it out loud, and women should say it quietly, because women are commanded to lower their voices. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "If you notice something during the prayer, men should say 'Subhan-Allaah!' and women should clap." So women should say the takbeer quietly and men should say it out loud.

The time for this takbeer begins when the sun sets on the night of Eid (i.e., the night before) if it is known that the new month has begun when the sun sets, such as when the people have completed thirty days of Ramadaan, or when it is proven that the new moon of Shawwaal has been sighted. And it ends when the prayer begins, i.e., when they start the Eid prayer then the time for the takbeer ends.

Majmoo' Fataawa Ibn 'Uthaymeen,